“Capital punishment is not applied in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Venezuela was the first country in the world to abolish the death penalty for all crimes, doing so by Constitution in 1863. (San Marino had abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes only in 1848.) Costa Rica followed suit in 1877, making Venezuela one of just three countries to have abolished the death penalty by 1900. Nowadays, all South American countries have abolished the death penalty.
Venezuela officially called the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela , is a country on the northern coast ofSouth America. Venezuela’s territory covers around 916,445 square kilometres (353,841 sq mi) with an estimated population of approximately 29,100,000. Venezuela is considered a state with extremely high biodiversity, with habitats ranging from the Andesmountains in the west to the Amazon Basin rainforest in the south, via extensive llanos plains and Caribbean coast in the center and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.Venezuela was colonized by Spain in 1522 despite resistance from indigenous peoples. It became one of the first Spanish American colonies to declare independence (in 1811), but did not securely establish independence until 1821 (as a department of the federal republic of Gran Colombia, gaining full independence in 1830). During the 19th century Venezuela suffered political turmoil and dictatorship, and it was dominated by regional caudillos (military strongmen) well into the 20th century. The country has had democratic governments since 1958; before that, like most countries of Latin America, it suffered some coups and military dictatorships. Economic shocks in the 1980s and 1990s led to a political crisis causing hundreds of deaths in the Caracazo riots of 1989,two attempted coups in 1992, and the impeachment of President Carlos Andrés Pérez for embezzlement of public funds in 1993.