Did you know that there are enough diamonds found under the Popigai asteroid crater in Russia to supply the world diamond market for 3,000 years.
The Popigai crater, 100km-wide and located in the isolated north of the country, was formed roughly 35.7 million years ago by the impact of an asteroid estimated to be between five and eight kilometres wide. Its collision created a wealth of impact diamonds — which form when an existing diamond seam is hit by a large falling body — in such quantities that could, it is claimed, supply the world diamond market for the next 3,000 years.
According to the Christian Science Monitor, Nikolai Pokhilenko, the director of the Novosibirsk Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, has said that these diamonds are “twice as hard” as normal diamonds, making them ideal for industrial and scientific use. He also claimed that the supply under Popigai is ten times the size of the rest of the world’s reserves, potentially holding trillions of carats. A carat — defined as 200mg — is the standard measurement of weight for precious gems and minerals.