Nuclear power

Nuclear power by country

France produces 75% of their electricity with nuclear power. US produces 60% more than France, but it accounts for only 19% of US electricity production.

Nuclear power stations operate in 31 countries. China has 32 new reactors under construction, and there are also a considerable number of new reactors being built in South Korea, India, and Russia. At the same time, at least 100 older and smaller reactors will “most probably be closed over the next 10-15 years”. So the expanding nuclear programs in Asia are balanced by retirements of aging plants and nuclear reactor phase-outs.

Nuclear power

Of the thirty countries in which nuclear power plants operate, only France, Belgium and Slovakia use them as the primary source of electricity, although many other countries have a significant nuclear power generation capacity. According to the World Nuclear Association, a nuclear power advocacy group, over 45 countries are giving “serious consideration” to introducing a nuclear power capability, with Iran, the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Vietnam, Belarus, and Jordan at the forefront. China, South Korea and India are pursuing ambitious expansions of their nuclear power capacities, with China aiming to increase capacity to at least 80 GWe by 2020, 200 GWe by 2030 and 400 GWe by 2050. South Korea plans to expand its nuclear capacity from 20.7 GWe in 2012 to 27.3 GWe in 2020 and to 43 GWe by 2030. India aims to have 14.6 GWe nuclear power generation capacity by 2020 and 63 GWe by 2032 and to have 25% of all electricity supplied by nuclear power by 2050.

Rank Country Capacity (MW)
(2012)
Nuclear share of
electricity production, 2011
1 United States United States 102,136 19.0%
2 France France 63,130 74.85%
3 Japan Japan 44,215 18.1%
4 Russia Russia 23,643 17.8%
5 South Korea South Korea 20,739 30.4%
6 Canada Canada 14,135 15.3%
7 Ukraine Ukraine 13,107 46.2%
8 China China 12,086 2.0%
9 Germany Germany 12,068 16.1%
10 United Kingdom United Kingdom 9,938 18.1%
11 Sweden Sweden 9,395 38.1%
12 Spain Spain 7,560 20.5%
13 Belgium Belgium 5,927 51.0%
14 Taiwan Taiwan 5,028 18.4%
15 India India 4,780 3.6%
16 Czech Republic Czech Republic 3,804 35.3%
17 Switzerland Switzerland 3,278 35.3%
18 Finland Finland 2,752 32.6%
19 Bulgaria Bulgaria 1,906 31.6%
20 Hungary Hungary 1,889 45.9%
21 Brazil Brazil 1,884 3.1%
22 South Africa South Africa 1,860 5.1%
23 Slovakia Slovakia 1,816 53.8%
24 Mexico Mexico 1,530 4.7%
25 Romania Romania 1,300 19.4%
26 Argentina Argentina 935 4.7%
27 Iran Iran 915 0.6%
28 Pakistan Pakistan 725 5.3%
29 Slovenia Slovenia 688 36.0%
30 Netherlands Netherlands 482 4.4%
31 Armenia Armenia 375 26.6%
World 374,411

 

Reference