Neptune

John Couch Adams calculated the existence of Neptune using mathematics

John Couch Adams FRS  was a British mathematician and astronomer, His most famous achievement was predicting the existence and position of Neptune, using only mathematics. The calculations were made to explain discrepancies with Uranus’s orbit and the laws of Kepler and Newton. At the same time, but unknown to each other, the same calculations were made […]

Neptune was mathematically predicted before it was directly observed

Neptune was mathematically predicted before it was directly observed

The planet Neptune was mathematically predicted before it was directly observed. With a prediction by Urbain Le Verrier, telescopic observations confirming the existence of a major planet were made on the night of September 23–24, 1846, at the Berlin Observatory, by astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle (assisted by Heinrich Louis d’Arrest), working from Le Verrier’s calculations. […]