“Berlin Brandenburg Willy Brandt Airport (IATA: BER, ICAO: EDDB) (German: Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg Willy Brandt) is an international airport under construction, located adjacent to the current Schönefeld Airport in Schönefeld 18 km (11 mi) south of the city centre of Berlin, Germany. It is intended to replace Tegel Airport and Schönefeld Airport, and to become the single commercial airport serving Berlin and the surrounding state of Brandenburg, an area with a combined 6 million inhabitants. It is named after Willy Brandt.Originally planned to be opened in 2010, Berlin Brandenburg Airport has encountered a series of delays due to poor construction planning, management and execution. As of March 2013, it is not known when the airport will be inaugurated, though any dates prior to 2014 have been discarded. Due to these problems, the initially stated construction budget will be greatly exceeded. Air Berlin and Lufthansa (including its Germanwings subsidiary) are expected to become the leading carriers at Berlin Brandenburg Airport, both having announced the intent to set up a hub operation there. EasyJet is thought to become the third largest tenant. With a projected annual passenger number of around 27 million, Berlin Brandenburg would become the third busiest airport in Germany and one of the fifteen busiest in Europe.
Originally, it was planned to have the new airport being owned and operated by a private investor. A call for proposals was initiated, from which two bidding consortia emerged as serious contenders: One was led by Hochtief (through its Hochtief Airport subsidiary) and included ABB, Fraport and Bankengesellschaft Berlin as partners, the other one comprised IVG, Flughafen Wien AG, Dorsch-Consult, Commerzbank and Caisse des Dépôts. On 19 September 1998, it was announced that the Hochtief consortium had been granted the exclusive authority to negotiate the terms and conditions for an acquisition of the Berlin Brandenburg Airport holding and the construction and subsequent operation of the new airport for a 50 years period.On 31 March 1999, Hochtief and its partners were officially assigned with the construction of the new airport, a decision against which IVG subsequently filed a lawsuit. The Brandenburg Oberlandesgericht indeed acknowledged the concerns voiced by IVG. In its review, it found that in certain points, the assessment of the applications had been biased towards Hochtief, which led to the contract award being annulated on 3 August of that year.In a new attempt to be contracted for the construction and operation allowance of the new airport, Hochtief Airport and IVG teamed up and brought forth a plan for a joint bid on 10 November 2000. At that time, it was hoped that the planning approval could be granted in 2002, with 2007 being named for the tentative opening. When the Hochtief/IVG bid was officially submitted in February 2002, the BBF associates (by then, Eberhard Diepgen had been replaced by Klaus Wowereit as Mayor of Berlin and chair of the supervisory board, and Matthias Platzeck had been elected Minister-President of Brandenburg; Manfred Stolpe was still concerned with the airport, as he had become Federal Minister of Transportation) determined that it would not meet the demands, and on 22 May 2003, it was decided to scrap the privatization plan altogether. Hochtief and IVG were paid ca €50 million compensation for the planning effort.”