U.S.-Moroccan friendship treaty, signed in 1786 by Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and Sultan Muhammad III, is the oldest unbroken treaty in U.S. history
“During the American Revolution, so many American ships used to call at the port of Tangiers that the Continental Congress sought recognition from the “Emperor” of Morocco to establish good relations between the two countries. This recognition was granted in 1777, making Morocco the first country to recognize the United States of America. Negotiations on a formal treaty to establish ties between the two countries began in 1783. The Moroccan-American Treaty of Friendship was signed in 1786. John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, both future U.S. Presidents were the signatories for the United States.
Renegotiated in 1836, the treaty is still in force, constituting the longest unbroken treaty in U.S. history. As testament to the special nature of the U.S.-Moroccan relationship, Tangier is home to the oldest U.S. diplomatic property in the world, and the only building on foreign soil that is listed in the U.S. National Register of Historic Places, the American Legation in Tangier (now a museum).
Ever since these early days, the U.S. and Morocco have shared a close and abiding relationship across the Atlantic Ocean. Our shared interests include the economic prosperity of both countries, the pursuit of a just and lasting peace in the Middle East, and the maintenance and promotion of regional security and cooperation, and sustainable development.
Over the past three decades, U.S.-Moroccan relations have been characterized by mutual respect and friendship. Ties between the two nations have been cultivated through visits by high-level official’s visits. This free exchange of ideas between U.S. and Moroccan leaders began in November 1957 when Sultan Mohamed V paid an official visit to the United States to meet with President Eisenhower. Less than two years later, then Vice-President Nixon travelled to Morocco where he too discussed improved bilateral cooperation between the two countries.
U.S.-Moroccan relations have remained strong through cooperation and sustained high-level dialogue. Late King Hassan II visited the United States several times during his reign, meeting successively with Presidents John Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, and Bill Clinton. His Majesty King Mohammed VI has continued his father’s tradition; he made his first trip to the U.S. as King on June 20, 2000 and visited again in 2004.
In 2004, the United States and Morocco signed a Free Trade Agreement, signaling the beginning of a new chapter of cooperation and commercial exchange between the two countries.
In August 2007, the two countries signed a Millennium Challenge Compact totaling $697.5 million for 5 years. The Compact was designed to stimulate economic growth by increasing productivity and improving employment in high-potential sectors, such as artisanal crafts, fishing and agriculture in Morocco.
The U.S Agency for International Development (USAID) and its predecessor agencies have managed active and effective assistance programs in Morocco since 1953.”